Thursday, May 3, 2012

Code of Practice- Environment Control Officer


This Code of Practice for Environmental Control Officers spells
out the role of the ECOs, their responsibilities and what is expected from
them.
Director-General of Public Health
National Environment Agency
Singapore
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CONTENTS
Code of Practice for Environmental Control Officers Page
1 Introduction……………………………………………………. 3
2 Definitions……………………………………………………… 3
3 Construction sites requiring ECO…………………………… 4
4 Registration of ECO……………………..…………………… 4
5 Role of ECO.………………………………………………..…. 5
6 Responsibilities of occupier of construction site…………... 6
7 Submission of reports …………………….……….………… 7
8 Guide on good practices on construction sites……………. 8
9 Penalties……………………………………………………….. 16
Appendices
1 Application to register as an Environmental Control
Officer…………………………………………………………..
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2 Sample copy of Certificate of Registration for Environmental 18
Control Officer .................................……….……………
3 Site Environmental Control Programme……….…………… 19 4 Site Environmental Control Report…………………………. 22
5 Notification on employment of ECO……………..………… 28
6 Details on penalties for some common offences………….. 29
7 Format to monitor disposal of waste in construction site 35
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CODE OF PRACTICE
FOR ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL OFFICERS
1. Introduction
1.1 This Code of Practice is intended to guide Environmental Control
Officers and contractors in carrying out works on their construction
sites in compliance with the Environmental Public Health (Registration
of Environmental Control Officers) Regulations 1999.
2. Definitions
2.1 In this Code, unless otherwise specified:-
2.1.1 “works”, in relation to a construction site, means-
(a) the erection, construction, alteration, repair or maintenance of
buildings, structures or roads;
(b) the breaking up or opening of, or boring under, any road or
adjacent land in connection with the construction, inspection,
maintenance or removal of works;
(c) demolition or dredging works; or
(d) any other work of engineering construction.
2.1.2 “Full-time Environmental Control Officer” means an Environmental
Control Officer employed on a full-time basis in the construction site for
which he is employed for at least 40 hours per week.
2.1.3 “Part-time Environmental Control Officer” means an Environmental
Control Officer employed on a part-time basis in the construction site
for which he is employed for at least 15 hours per week.
2.1.4 “Contract sum”, in relation to a construction site, means the total value
of the works to be carried out on the construction site as stated in the
applicable contract.
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3 Construction sites requiring Environmental Control Officer (ECO)
Construction sites are required to employ either a part-time or full-time
ECO depending on the contract sum of the construction works as
shown in the table below:
Contract sum of
Construction works
Type of ECO required
$10 million & below
Not required
Exceed $10 million but
not exceeding $50 million
Part-time ECO
Exceed $50 million Full-time ECO
4 Registration of ECO
4.1 A person with the requisite qualifications must successfully complete a
training course and pass the exam for ECOs before he can be
registered as an ECO.
4.2 For registration, the ECO must submit a formal application form,
together with a NRIC-sized photograph and a cheque of $120/- made
payable to ‘National Environment Agency’ according to the format in
Appendix 1, as required under the Environmental Public Health
(Registration of Environmental Control Officers) Regulations 1999 to
The Director –General of Public Health at
National Environment Agency
Environmental Health Department
40 Scotts Road, Environment Building
#21-00
Singapore 228231
4.3 An application fee of $120 is payable and a Certificate for Registration
for ECO(Appendix 2) valid for 2 years will be issued upon successful
application.
4.4 It is an offence for the occupier of a construction site to employ an ECO
who is not registered or does not have a valid Certificate of
Registration. Likewise, it is an offence for an ECO to work in a
construction site if he is not registered with the National Environment
Agency or does not possess a valid Certificate of Registration.
4.5 ECOs when performing their duties on the construction sites are
required to carry their Environmental Control Officer Registration Card.
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4.6 The registration for an ECO may be renewed upon its expiry. A fee of
$120 is payable for renewal of registration valid for two years.
5. Role of ECO
5.1 The role of an ECO is to advise the occupier of the construction site on
what needs to be done.
5.2 The ECO shall look out for conditions/ situations in construction site
which causes environmental health problems or are likely to cause
environmental health problems. He should report these conditions/
situations to the occupier of the construction site together with
recommendations on remedial measures to be taken to prevent
recurrence. The main areas where the ECO should pay attention to
are:
i) disease-bearing insects and rodents;
ii) proper disposal of construction waste/ marine clay;
iii) noise, air and water pollution;
iv) earth littering;
v) siltation of drains;
vi) food hygiene in canteens;
vii) proper maintenance of septic tank(s)/ holding tank(s), chemical/
portable toilet(s) and other sanitary facilities; and
viii) any other environmental health matters.
5.3 The ECO shall carry out the following duties on environmental control
at the construction site:
(a) Prepare and submit a Site Environmental Control Programme in
accordance to the format in Appendix 4 to the occupier of the
construction site at least three weeks before work commences on
the worksite (Note: Please refer to 6.1 (a) on deadline for the
occupier to submit the Site Environmental Control Programme to
the Director-General of Public Health);
(b) Inspect the construction site to ensure all facilities and equipment
relevant to the maintenance of environmental health are in proper
working condition and do not pose any environmental health
hazard;
(c) Point out and discuss environmental health irregularities such as
mosquito and fly breeding, rodent infestation, noise/ dust/ smoke/
water pollution, poor housekeeping, earth littering, poor refuse
management, poor maintenance of sanitary facilities, etc. with the
occupier of the construction site and recommend measures to
rectify such irregularities;
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(d) Attend to all feedback on such irregularities and inform the
occupier of the construction site accordingly;
(e) Report and submit a Site Environmental Control Report in
accordance to the format in Appendix 5 to the occupier of the
construction site once every fortnight, on the 1st and 15th of the
month;
(f) Assist the authorities to investigate outbreaks of infectious, vectorborne
or food-borne diseases on the construction site; and
(g) Organise campaigns, training courses and other activities to
develop and sustain the interest of workers in maintaining good
environmental health standards in the construction site.
6. Responsibilities of Occupier of Construction Site
6.1 The occupier of the construction site shall take and follow the advice
given by the ECO in maintaining good environmental health standards
at the construction site. The occupier is responsible for all irregularities
and violations in his work site and shall carry out the following duties:
(a) Submit the Site Environmental Control Programme prepared by
the ECO to the Director-General of Public Health at least two
weeks before work commences on the construction site;
(b) Carry out the works recommended by the ECO in the Site
Environmental Control Programme;
(c) Notify the Director-General of Public Health on the employment of
ECO on the construction site according to the format in Appendix
6;
(d) Discuss the Site Environment Control Report with the ECO within
one week on receipt of the report and implement the
recommendations made by the ECO;
(e) Countersign and stamp the Site Environmental Control Report
submitted by the ECO;
(f) Keep the Site Environmental Control Report available for
inspection by the Director-General of Public Health or Public
Health Officers when required;
(g) Submit the Site Environmental Control Report to the Director-
General of Public Health as and when required to do so by the
Director-General;
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(h) Facilitate the work of the ECO by providing the necessary
resources including facilities, equipment and information
necessary to enable the ECO to carry out his work effectively and
efficiently on the construction site;
(i) Ensure continued education of workers on environmental health
issues;
(j) Release ECO to attend courses, seminars, conferences as and
when required by the Director-General and to reimburse them as
required under the law;
(k) Require any person employed on the construction site to observe
good environmental health practices;
(l) Notify the Director-General of Public Health in writing within 14
days of termination of employment of ECO;
(m) Employ another ECO within 14 days upon termination of
employment, suspension or cancellation of registration of the ECO
employed for the construction site; and
(n) Employ a temporary ECO for the construction site when the
current ECO working on the construction site is on leave or absent
for more than 5 days.
7 Submission of reports
7.1 Site Environmental Control Programme
In order to forestall the occurrence of potential environmental health
hazards, every construction site is required to draw up a Site
Environmental Control Programme before work commences on the
construction site. The ECO shall prepare and submit the Site
Environmental Control Programme in accordance to the format in
Appendix 3 to the occupier of the construction site who in turn shall
forward a copy to the Director-General before work commences on the
site.
The Site Environmental Control Programme contains
recommendations on measures to prevent poor refuse management,
noise and dust pollution, control of vectors and requires the submission
of layout plans on drainage works, designated areas for storage of
organic and construction wastes and all temporary site structures, such
as canteens, toilet facilities and workers’ quarters.
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7.2 Site Environmental Control Report
The ECO is also required to submit a Site Environmental Control
Report to the occupier of the construction site once every 2 weeks.
Among other things, the report will contain irregularities detected by the
ECO and recommendations on remedial measures to be taken by the
occupier. It will also record training courses and activities held to
promote environmental health on the site and investigation into
feedback and outbreaks of vector-borne, food-borne and infectious
diseases, etc. A standard format of the report can be found in
Appendix 4. The report shall be made available for inspection on
demand by the Director-General of Public Health or any Public Health
Officer.
8. Guide on good practices on construction sites
To facilitate ECOs and occupiers in ensuring good practices are
observed in construction sites, the main areas to be addressed and
requirements to be met are given below. Occupiers of construction
sites, as well as the ECOs, should adhere to these requirements so
that their construction sites are kept free from environmental health
hazards at all times.
8.1 Earth littering
8.1.1 Lorries should not be overloaded while transporting earth,
debris, etc. as this may lead to spillage and littering of roads.
8.1.2 All vehicles carrying refuse, sand, earth, gravel, clay, stone, or
any other similar material must be completely and adequately
covered as stipulated in Environmental Public Health (Public
Cleansing) Regulations 14(2) and Road Traffic Rules 18, before
they leave the construction site.
8.1.3 A paved wash bay is to be provided for washing of vehicles (e.g.
lorry tyres and undercarriages) before they leave the worksite.
All washings from the wash bay should be channelled to a silt
trap.
8.2 Siltation of drains
8.2.1 A system of silt control measures including temporary perimeter
lined cut-off drains, silt fences and silt traps is to be provided
within the worksite before commencement of any earthworks or
construction works to prevent the wash down of silt, earth, and
debris from the worksite into the public drains and adjacent
premises.
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8.2.2 Water run-off from the worksite is to be channelled through the
silt fences into silt traps and is not to be discharged directly into
the public drains.
8.2.3 Silt control facilities including the temporary perimeter lined cutoff
drains, silt fences and silt traps are to be maintained and
desilted regularly.
8.2.4 Earth surfaces or slopes adjacent to any drain shall be closed
turfed, paved or covered.
8.2.5 Adequate measures shall be taken to prevent any earth, sand,
top-soil, cement, concrete, debris or any other material to fall or
be washed into the drains from any stockpile thereof.
8.2.6 Drains in the vicinity of the worksite shall not be silted or
obstructed due to the construction works.
8.3 Air pollution and dust nuisance
8.3.1 Open burning of construction and other wastes are not allowed
at the worksite as this is an offence under the Environmental
Pollution Control Act.
8.3.2 Effective measures should be taken to minimise dust pollution
caused by construction works, e.g. water spray, shielding, etc.
8.3.3 All construction debris should be properly stored and removed
for disposal quickly. They should not be left to accumulate at
the site.
8.3.4 Debris chutes to transfer construction debris efficiently from
higher floors to the ground floor should be provided to prevent
dust nuisance.
8.3.5 Construction sites with concrete batching plants must have a
licence from the Director, Pollution Control Department to
operate as a Scheduled Premise. The contractor licensed to
operate the concrete batching plant must comply with all the
conditions stipulated by the Director.
8.3.6 All construction equipment and machinery must be well
maintained and should not emit dark smoke.
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8.4 Toilet facilities
8.4.1 All toilet facilities are to be connected to sewer or holding tank/
temporary septic tank approved by the Sewerage Department,
Public Utilities Board. Where septic tank(s)/ holding tank(s) and/
or chemical/ portable toilet(s) are provided, they are to be
regularly maintained. There should be no discharge of
wastewater from the holding tank into the watercourse or
controlled watercourse.
8.4.2 Ensure good drainage is provided for all temporary structures
and connect drains to a proper outlet to prevent water ponding
in the toilet facilities.
8.4.3 Toilets must be provided with toilet amenities such as toilet
paper, soap, litter bins and hand dryer and be kept clean at all
times. They must not be used for storage purpose.
8.4.4 Proper sanitary facilities should be provided at the worksite and
discharge points to be connected to septic tanks for disposal.
8.5 Solid Waste Management
8.5.1 The contractor shall engage a licensed waste collector for
collection and removal/ disposal of waste generated. A system
to ensure that all wastes are properly disposed at authorised
sites should be implemented.
8.5.2 The occupier of the construction site shall provide sufficient
refuse bins to contain the refuse. Every bin shall be provided
with a tight and securely fitting cover or lid. The bins shall be of
a shape, size and design as may be approved by the Director-
General of Public Health from time to time.
8.5.3 Separate bins should be used to store construction wastes/
debris and organic food waste. All bins should be properly
covered when not in use.
8.5.4 The number of refuse bins provided must be adequate. There
should be no spillage of refuse around the bins at any time.
8.5.5 All food waste should be contained in plastic bags before
disposal into bins. They should be removed daily to prevent fly
and smell nuisance.
8.5.6 Construction wastes/ debris should be stored in skips placed at
a location easily accessible to waste removal vehicles.
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8.6 Noise Control
8.6.1 Advise the contractor to reduce noise generated at the worksites
by taking the following measures:
(a) use advanced construction and noise damping
technology;
(b) restrict noisier activities like piling, concreting and
demolition to day-time;
(c) use pre-cast concrete panels;
(d) use visual screens and safety nets to help reduce the
noise generated;
(e) keep residents informed of impending noisy
construction works, especially at night. Wherever
possible, avoid noisy activities late at night, Sundays
and public holidays;
(f) use electricity supply from PUB Power Grid instead of
generators where possible. If generators are used, they
should be of the silent type and be sited away from
residential areas; and
(g) maintain and service equipment and machinery
regularly to reduce noise emission.
8.6.2 Make arrangements to set up a monitoring station to carry out
noise level readings over a period of 12 hours and 5 minutes in
decibels (A). The acceptable noise level is as follows:
Maximum noise level
permitted (dBA)
Maximum noise level
permitted (dBA)
7am – 7 pm 7pm – 7am
Type of building affected
Over
5 min
(*Leq 5)
Over
12 hours
(*Leq 12)
Over
5 min
(Leq 5)
Over
12 hours
(Leq 12)
Hospitals, schools, institutions of
higher learning, homes for the
aged sick, etc
75
60
55
50
Buildings other than the above
90
75
70
65
* Leq 5 min and Leq 12 hours is the equivalent continuous
noise levels over a period of 5 minutes and 12 hours
respectively.
8.6.3 Records on noise levels from construction sites should be
properly kept and produce the records when requested.
8.6.4 The use of diesel piling machines is prohibited in worksites
located within the urban city and within 200m of any school,
hospital, or residential estates.
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8.7 Vector Control
8.7.1 The contractor shall engage a competent Pest Control Company
from the start of the project. The list of pest control companies
registered with BCA and NEA is available from the
Environmental Health Department, National Environment
Agency.
8.7.2 The pest control company should submit a vector control
programme and all vector control service reports to the
Environmental Health Department, National Environment
Agency.
8.7.3 Regular checks of at least once a week should be conducted on
the construction site for mosquito breeding in the following areas
in the worksites, bangsals and site offices:
(a) discarded receptacles and building wastes;
(b) building materials, canvas sheets, equipment and
machinery;
(c) puddles on the ground;
(d) puddles on the concrete floors of all upper levels;
(e) water storage drums, tanks and containers;
(f) bulk waste containers;
(g) trenches;
(h) lift wells;
(i) drains or channels temporarily constructed to drain off
water;
(j) air handling units, cooling towers, window unit air
conditioners; and
(k) flat roofs of bangsals and temporary office.
8.7.4 Empty receptacles, pails, basins, and other containers,
equipment or machinery should be kept indoors.
8.7.5 Worksite should be kept free of litter at all times. Construction
wastes should be promptly disposed into bulk waste containers
and the containers should be emptied daily.
8.7.6 Building materials should be stored under shelter as far as
possible. They should always be stored at least 60 cm above
the ground to allow water collected below to be treated by pest
control operators.
8.7.7 Air-handling units (AHU) should be stored under shelter.
Otherwise, the overflow pipe should be uncapped to allow rain
water collected to drain out.
8.7.8 Stagnant water should be pumped out and ground depressions
should be covered with earth.
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8.7.9 Sand granular insecticide should be applied into water
collected in perforated bricks. Exposed brick holes should be
sealed up with cement.
8.7.10 Anti-mosquito oil and insecticides such as temephos and
pirimiphos-methyl should be applied into stagnant water at
least once a week. The application should be repeated after
rain as the oil and insecticides would be washed away by the
rain.
8.7.11 Thermal fogging should be carried out with a suitable
insecticide such as pirimiphos-methyl or malathion at least
once a week. Fogging should be carried out every day for a
week when the adult population is high, and when there are
dengue outbreaks near the construction site.
8.7.12 If the site is situated in a malaria-sensitive area, the pest
control operator should carry out residual-spraying of all inner
and outer walls of bangsals and site offices once a month.
Measures to prevent Fly and Rodent Infestation
8.7.13 Worksite should be kept litter-free at all times and refuse bins
covered tightly at all times.
8.7.14 Food provisions should be stored in rodent-proof rooms or
cabinets.
8.7.15 All food items should be adequately covered and stored at
least 60 cm above the ground.
8.7.16 Contractor or the pest control operator should check for rodent
burrows every week. Active burrows should be treated with
rodenticides for 3 consecutive days or until the rats are all
dead (i.e. no more dead rats found), and then sealed with
compacted earth.
8.7.17 Should sludge be used for landscaping, the sludge should be
covered with a layer of topsoil at least 5 cm thick to prevent
breeding of flies.
Measures to prevent Infectious Disease
Malaria
8.7.18 Contractor should maintain records of all employees working
on the construction site. All foreign workers and food handlers
should be screened for history of malaria and taken blood films
to exclude parasite carriers.
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8.7.19 Follow up one month after discharge (for P. falciparum
infection) and every month for six months after discharge (for
P. vivax infection).
Dengue fever/ Dengue Haemorrhagic fever
8.7.20 Conduct regular checks for larval survey and source reduction.
(see Para. 7 Vector Control)
8.8 Prevention of Water Pollution
8.8.1 All wastewater generated at the construction site must be
properly treated and disposed. No discharge of sewage or
other untreated wastewater into drain or land is allowed.
8.8.2 Oil and chemical in drums, carboys, containers,etc shall be
stored in a designated storage area within a building or
covered shed with concrete floors and facilities to contain any
leak or spillage.
8.8.3 A full containment bundwall should be provided for bulk storage
oil tanks, including skid tanks. A collection sump should be
provided to collect any spillage. All leaks and spillages in the
storage area or construction site shall be collected and sent to
a licensed toxic waste collector for proper disposal.
8.8.4 Any repair or servicing of vehicle which requires waste oil to be
disposed of should only be carried out if there are facilities to
contain the waste oil.
8.8.5 Soil treatment is to be carried out only by trained operators of
registered pest control companies. The operators shall comply
fully with the water pollution control requirements for the use of
termiticides in anti-termite soil treatment issued to the
companies by Pollution Control Department.
8.9 Food Hygiene
8.9.1 Food handler operating on the construction site must be
registered with the National Environment Agency as a licensed
operator and he complies with all licensing requirements. All
food handlers should be educated on food and personal
hygiene, vaccinated against typhoid and have attended the
basic food hygiene course.
8.9.2 Food sold on the worksite should be prepared within the
premises or obtained from licensed sources.
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8.9.3 All liquid food wastes must be drained into the sewerage system
and not into open drains.
Food handling and storage
8.9.4 All ready-to-eat cooked food must be handled with tongs or
other suitable equipment. Food handlers are required to wear
gloves while handling cooked or ready-to-eat food.
8.9.5 Food must not be prepared or stored in or near toilets or on the
floor.
8.9.6 All refrigerators/freezers/chillers must be provided with
temperature gauges, and the compartments must be maintained
at the following temperatures for the types of food:
Type of food Temperature not above
Frozen meat/fish - 12 °C
Ice-cream - 2 °C
Chilled meat/fish + 4 °C
Dairy products + 7 °C
8.9.7 Food products or food ingredients once removed from their
packaging must be kept in clean containers and stored in
refrigerators or food cabinets, whichever is appropriate.
8.9.8 Food displayed for sale must be adequately covered and
protected.
Personal hygiene
8.9.9 Food handlers must not place their fingers to the mouth, eye,
ear, nose or scalp when preparing food; they must also not eat,
chew, smoke, spit, cough, sneeze or comb their hair when
handling food.
8.9.10 Food handlers must wash their hands thoroughly and frequently
before and after preparing food and after visiting the toilets.
This is necessary even when the food handler wears gloves.
8.9.11 Food handlers must protect any open wound or lesion on their
hands with waterproof dressings.
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Equipment
8.9.12 All equipment, crockery and utensils must be kept clean and
well-maintained at all times. Defective equipment/ utensils/
crockery with chips and cracks should not be used.
8.9.13 The chopping board, tongs, scoop, fork, gloves or other
utensils used for handling raw food should not be reused to
handle cooked food.
8.9.14 Exhaust fans and grease filters should be serviced regularly to
ensure they are in good working condition. Cooking hoods
should be free from oil drips.
8.10 Building requirements
8.10.1 If cooking is carried out, there should be a hood connected to
a flue discharge above roof level.
8.10.2 Potable water should be provided and wash area and sinks
connected to the sewerage system.
8.10.3 Adequate wash hand basins should be provided in the kitchen
and other work areas.
9. Penalties
9.1 Under the Environmental Public Health Act, it is an offence for the ECO
or occupier of the construction site to contravene or fail to comply with
any of the regulations stated in the law. The list of penalties to be
imposed on the ECO or the occupier of the construction site and other
environmental health hazards is tabulated in Appendix 6.
Application for Registration as an Environmental Control Officer
Please complete the Application Form and submit it with the following documents to:
Customer & Quality Service Department
National Environment Agency
40 Scotts Road #02-00, Environment Building
Customer Service Centre
Singapore 228231
1. A recent colour NRIC-sized photograph (with white background). Please write your name and NRIC No. on the back of
the photograph.
2. A photocopy of your NRIC/Employment Pass/Work Permit. (front and back)
3. A copy of Environmental Control Officer’s Course Certificate.
4. A copy of your highest educational qualification and working experience : -
(i) (i) a degree from NUS, NTU or other acceptable universities or institution of higher learning ; OR
(ii) (ii) a technician diploma from an acceptable polytechnic or other educational AND has at least two years of working
experience in environmental engineering, pest control estate management, environmental health or other work
which is relevant to the work of ECO; OR
(iii) a Certificate of Registration as a Workplace Safety and Health officer with MOM.
5. For more details with regards to the entry requirement for ECO registration, please refer to the website
http://www.nea.gov.sg/cms/sei/Courses_eco.html
6. A fee of $120 for Registration as an Environmental Control Officer (valid for 24 months) to be paid by cheque, made
payable to “National Environment Agency” (Please write your name and NRIC No. on the back of the cheque).
7. For further enquiries, please call 67319275.
Part 1 – Personal Particulars of Applicant
Name of Applicant:
NRIC / FIN No.*:
Employment Pass / Work Permit No. (if applicable) *:
Home / Mailing address:
Home / Handphone No. :
Nationality (Singapore Citizen / Permanent Resident / Others):
Name and Address of Present Employer (if applicable):
*Please delete as appropriate.
Part 2 – Website
A list of all registered Environmental Control Officers is maintained on the National Environment Agency’s website at
http://www.nea.gov.sg/cms/ehd/eco_namelist_reg_no.pdf, to facilitate employers who wish to engage Environmental
Control Officers. Please indicate ✓ below if you wish to have your contact number posted on the website.
I wish my contact number(s) to be posted on NEA’s website
I do not wish my contact number(s) to be posted on NEA’s website
Version 3 / 26 Aug 10
This form consists of 2 pages and may take you 5 minutes to fill in. You will need the following information to fill in the form:
 Applicant’s Personal Particulars
 Applicant’s Present Employer Particulars (if applicable)
E-Form
Part 3 – By Post
The original ECO certificate of Registration will be sent to you via post to your designated mailing address indicated in
Part 1. There shall be no responsibility on the part of EHD/NEA should there be any loss/damage of the certificate in the
transition.
Part 4 – Declaration By Applicant
I declare that the information submitted by me above is true to the best of my knowledge and belief, and that I have not
willfully suppressed any material facts. I am fully aware that any suppression of material facts and/or false declaration by
me may result in this application being refused or, if approved, in the suspension or cancellation of my registration under
Regulation 6 of the Environmental Public Health (Registration of Environmental Control Officers) Regulations.
Applicant’s Signature Date
Version 3 / 26 Aug 10
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Appendix 2
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Appendix 4
SITE ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL PROGRAMME
Reference No.:
Date:
To: Director-General of Public Health
Attn: Director
Environmental Health Department
National Environment Agency
40 Scotts Road
Environment Building #21-00
Singapore 228231
SITE ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL PROGRAMME
1. I submit the Site Environmental Control Programme for the
construction site at _________________(Address) _______________
________________________________________________________
2. Construction work will commence on __________(Date)___________
3. Project Title: _____________________________________________
4. Contract sum of Project: $ ___________ million
5. Particulars of Occupier of Construction Site:
(i) Name of Construction Company/ Contractor:
________________________________________________________
(ii) Address of Company: _______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
(iii) Contact Number : ____________________ (Office)
____________________ (Pager/ Handphone)
(iv) Name of Environmental Control Officer(s) employed on the
Construction Site:
(i) _____________________________________(Part time/ Full time)*
(ii) _____________________________________(Part time/ Full time)*
* Please delete one
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6. The following measures have been carried out on the construction site:
(Please Ö in for work done/ will be done)
A Proper Waste Management Remarks/ Recommendation
i) Licensed general waste collector
engaged for collection and disposal of
solid wastes
Name of Waste Collector Company :
________________________________
ii) Licensed general waste collector
engaged for collection and disposal of
liquid wastes
Name of Waste Collector Company:
________________________________
iii) Waste collection point(s) sited at a place
easily accessible to waste collection
vehicles
iv) Sufficient number of skips for storage of
construction debris and wheeled bins for
storage of organic and general wastes
provided
v) Plastic bags available for containing
organic and general wastes
vi) System in place to monitor the
generation and disposal of construction
waste debris
B Noise Control Measures
i) Arrangements made for setting up of
noise monitoring stations
ii) All machineries and equipment
(including generators) used on the
construction site placed as far away as
possible from residential estate
C Dust Abatement Measures
i) Paved wash bay provided for washing of
vehicles before they leave the worksite
ii) Main access roads in the construction
site adequately paved to prevent dust
nuisance
22
Remarks/ Recommendation
iii) Conditions to Licence to operate
concrete batching plant are complied
with
D Site Vector Control Measures
i) Pest Control Company engaged to carry
out regular fogging and spraying of
insecticide
Name of Pest Control Company :
________________________________
ii) Pest Control Company submitted vector
control programme and vector control
service reports to the Environmental
Health Department, NEA
Please indicate date of submission:
iii) Rodent-proof rooms or cabinets provided
to store food provisions
iv) Construction site cleared of overgrown
vegetation/ water bearing receptacles
v) Ground depressions/ unlevelled grounds
evened out
vi) Open drains constructed
E Silt Control Measures
i) A system of silt control measures
including temporary perimeter lined cutoff
drains, silt fences and silt traps is
provided within the worksite
7. The following documents/ plans are also submitted.
(Please Ö those reports that are attached)
Site and detailed plan showing the silt control measures
Site plan on designated areas for storage of construction wastes
Site and layout plan of all temporary structures, viz. canteens,
toilet facilities, worker’s quarters
Yours faithfully,
_______________ ________________ _______________
(Name of contractor) (Signature of contractor) (Company Stamp)
23
Appendix 5
SITE ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL REPORT
Date:
To Name of Occupier of Construction Site
Designation
Address of Company
Name of Construction project
SITE ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL REPORT
1. I submit the Site Environmental Control Report on the above
construction site from ___(date)___ to ___(date)___.
2. The areas of inspection and recommendations described in this report
includes (please Ö the reports that are attached):
Environmental health hazards and irregularities observed on the
construction site
Recommendations on actions to be taken by the occupier to
rectify the irregularities
Vector borne or infectious disease outbreaks which took place
Investigation conducted on vector borne or infectious disease
outbreaks which took place
Campaigns, competition, training course held or to be held on
the construction site
Suggestions on co-operation necessary between the
management of the construction site and any persons so as to
ensure observance of the Act
Yours faithfully,
________________ ________________ _______________
Name of ECO Signature of ECO Date
24
(I) Environmental Health Hazards and irregularities observed on
construction site/ recommendations to maintain healthy working
conditions on the construction site
The following irregularities were observed on the construction site:
(Please Ö in to indicate the irregularity)
A Solid Waste Management
Recommendations on work to
be carried out
i) Overloading or spillage of construction
wastes from skips
ii) Skips placed along public roads
iii) Amount of construction waste taken
out from site is different from amount
disposed of
iv) Organic food wastes stored together
with construction wastes and not
removed daily
v) Insufficient refuse bins lined with
plastic bags around the bangsals
vi) Refuse bins not properly covered
B Vector Control Measures
Mosquito Breeding
i) Potential mosquito breeding grounds
observed, e.g. water bearing
receptacles, ground depressions,
uneven grounds, etc.
ii) Construction site and/ or bangsal
littered
iii) Sand granular insecticide not applied
into perforated bricks according to
schedule
iv) Anti-mosquito oil and insecticides not
applied into stagnant water according
to schedule
v) Thermal fogging not carried out on the
construction site at least once a week
25
Rodent and Fly Infestation
Recommendations on work to
be carried out
i) Food left in open and not stored in
rodent-proof rooms or cabinets
ii) Rat burrows observed
iii) Potential fly breeding grounds
observed
C Infectious disease
i) Foreign workers not screened for
history of malaria
ii) Food handler(s) not inoculated against
Typhoid
iii) Food handler(s) above 45 years old
not screened for tuberculosis
D Noise Control Measures
i) Noise recorded at monitoring stations
exceeds the maximum permissible
level
ii) Generators and machineries sited
close to residential estates
iii) Noisy activities, e.g. piling, concreting
carried out during night time
iv) Equipment and machinery cause
excessive noise emission due to
irregular maintenance
v) No notice issued to inform residents
on impending noisy construction
works
E Air Pollution Control & Dust
Abatement
i) Lorries and vehicles carrying
construction materials not properly
and inadequately covered
25
Recommendations on work to
be carried out
ii) Vehicles not washed at the paved
wash bay before they leave the
worksite
iii) Emission of dark smoke from
construction equipment and
machinery
iv) Evidence of open burning of
construction waste carried out
v) Dust preventive measures not taken,
e.g. water sprinklers/ spray, shielding,
netting, covers/ hoarding for
aggregate/ sand stores not provided/
maintained
vi) No debris chutes to transfer debris
from higher floors to ground floor
F Food Hygiene
i) Displayed food not covered or
properly protected
ii) Food handlers using bare hands and
not wearing gloves or using tongs or
other suitable implements when
handling ready-to-eat or cooked food
iii) Poor personal hygiene practices
observed, e.g. smoking, dirty attire,
etc.
iv) Dirty equipment and cooking utensils
observed
v) Preparing food outside kitchen area
G Silt Control
i) Perimeter cut-off drains unlined/ silted
ii) Silt traps silted
iii) Silt fences damaged or choked
26
Recommendations on work to
be carried out
iv) Silt fences and supporting posts not
firmly embedded in the ground
v) Silt traps interceptors not cleared
vi) Inadequate silt control facilities
provided
vii) Drains in vicinity of worksite silted or
obstructed due to the construction
works
viii) Water run-off from the worksite is not
channelled through the silt fences into
silt traps
ix) Discharge of water directly into public
drains
x) Earth surfaces or slopes adjacent to
any drain not closed, turfed, paved or
covered
xi) Inadequate measures taken to
prevent any earth, sand, top-soil,
cement, concrete, debris or any other
material to fall or be washed into the
drains from any stockpile thereof
H Others
i) Indiscriminate discharge of
wastewater into watercourses, e.g.
workers bathing and washing outside
approved areas, defective sanitary/
sewer pipes, overflow from holding
tank, overloading of septic tank, etc.
ii) Septic tank(s)/ holding tank(s) and/ or
chemical/ portable toilet(s) overflowing
or not maintained
iii) Servicing and repair of vehicles/
equipment carried out without facilities
to contain the waste oil
28
Recommendations on work to
be carried out
iv) Waste/used oil not properly collected
and sent to a licensed toxic waste
collector
v) Soil treatment was not carried out by
pest control operator in compliance
with the water pollution control
requirements.
vi) Drums/ carboys/ containers with oil/
chemicals found outside bunded/
permitted areas
vii) Oil spillages outside bunded/
controlled area
(II) Vector borne/ food borne/ infectious disease outbreak(s) which
took place
* To be completed if any vector borne/ food borne/ infectious
disease outbreak(s) took place
Type of treatment
(Indicate number of
people for each type
of treatment#)
S/N Type of
Vector Borne/
Food Borne/
Infectious
Disease
No. of
people
affected
Cause
of
outbreak
Follow-up
action
A B C
Remarks
# A - Self-medication
B - Clinical Treatment
C - Hospitalisation
(III) Public Education
* To be completed if any public education activity/ activities
carried out
S/N Type of activity
(Exhibition, Video
show, brochures,
pamphlets, etc.)
Purpose
of activity
Where it
is held
Duration
of
activity
Does it involve all
employees (Yes/ No)
If no, indicate number
of employees involved
29
Appendix 5
Reference:
Date:
To: Director-General of Public Health
National Environment Agency
Environmental Health Department
40 Scotts Road
Environment Building 21st storey
Singapore 228231
Dear Sir,
NOTIFICATION ON EMPLOYMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL
CONTROL OFFICER
I wish to inform you that I have engaged an Environmental Control Officer
for my construction project. The particulars of the ECO and the construction
project are as follows:
ECO
(i) Name : _________________________________ (Part time/ Full time)*
(ii) ECO Registration Number : __________________________________
(iii) Date of employment : _______________________________________
Construction project
(iv) Project title : ______________________________________________
(v) Location of project : ________________________________________
________________________________________
(vi) Contract sum of project : $ _____________ million
(vii) Date of commencement of project : ___________________________
Yours faithfully,
_________________ _________________ _________________
(Name of contractor) (Signature of (Company Stamp)
contractor)
*Please delete one
30
Appendix 7
PENALTIES
(I) Penalties on ECO
Environmental Public Health (Registration of Environmental Control Officers)
Regulations 1999
S/No. Nature of Offence Penalties
1. Regulation 6(1)
(i) Obtain registration by fraud or
misrepresentation
(ii) Fail to discharge duties set out in the
Regulations/ the Code of Practice
(iii) Fail to attend or complete any training
course, seminar, conference or
meeting required by the Director-
General
Suspension or
cancellation of
Certificate of
Registration
2.
Regulation 5(1)
Carry out work as an ECO without a
Certificate of Registration
Maximum fine
of $5,000 for
first offence
and $10,000
for second or
subsequent
offence
3.
Regulation 6(5)
Fail to surrender the Certificate of
Registration upon suspension or
cancellation within 14 days from the date
of suspension or cancellation of
registration
Maximum fine
of $1,000 for
first offence
and $2,000 for
second or
subsequent
offence
31
(II) Penalties against occupier of construction site
Environmental Public Health (Registration of Environmental Control
Officers) Regulations 1999
S/No. Nature of Offence Penalties
1.
Regulation 5(2)
Employ an ECO with the knowledge that
he is not registered with the Director-
General of Public Health or his Certificate
of Registration has expired
Maximum fine of
$5,000 for first
offence and
$10,000 for
second or
subsequent
offence
2.
Regulation 10(3)
Fail to submit a Site Environmental
Control Programme to the Director-
General before work commences on the
construction site and/or fail to take action
or measures as recommended in the Site
Environmental Control Programme.
Maximum fine of
$5,000 for first
offence and
$10,000 for
second or
subsequent
offence
3.
Regulation 10 (4)
(a) Fail to countersign the Site
Environmental Control Report
submitted by the ECO
(b) Fail to make the report available for
inspection by the Director-General
or any environmental health officer
(c) Fail to take actions as
recommended in the report
Maximum fine of
$5,000 for first
offence and
$10,000 for
second or
subsequent
offence
4.
Regulation 13
Fail to provide the ECO with facilities,
equipment and information necessary for
him to carry out his works
Maximum fine of
$1,000 for first
offence and
$2,000 for
second or
subsequent
offence
32
S/No. Nature of Offence Penalties
5. Regulation 14
(a) Fail to permit the ECO to attend any
training course, seminar, conference
or meeting required by the Director-
General
(b) Fail to reimburse the ECO for
attending courses
(c) Make deductions from the
remuneration of the ECO for attending
courses required by the Director-
General
Maximum fine of
$1,000 for first
offence and
$2,000 for
second or
subsequent
offence
6.
Regulation 12
(a) Fail to notify the Director-General
within 14 days of the termination of
employment of an ECO
(b) Fail to employ another ECO within
14 days for the construction site
upon termination of employment or
suspension or cancellation of the
registration of the incumbent ECO
(c) Fail to employ a temporary ECO for
the construction site when the ECO
employed is on leave or absent for
more than 5 continuous days
Maximum fine of
$5,000 for first
offence and
$10,000 for
second or
subsequent
offence
33
(III) Penalties against occupier of the construction site on environmental
health matters
Environmental Public Health Act
S/No. Nature of Offence Penalties
1. Section 19
Earth littering of public roads, or dropping,
scattering of sand, earth, gravel, clay,
refuse, stone, or other similar material
Maximum fine of
$1,000 for first
offence, $2,000
for the second
offence, and
$5,000 for third
and subsequent
offence
2.
Section 44
Failure to comply with Nuisance Order
for:
(i) Mosquito breeding or potential
habitats
(ii) Dust pollution, accumulation or
deposit
(iii) Fumes, vapours, gases, heat,
radiation or smells
(iv) Any machinery, plant or any
method or process which causes a
nuisance or is dangerous to public
health or safety
(v) Condition giving rise, or capable of
giving rise to the breeding of flies
and mosquitoes
(vi) Any place which emanates noise
or vibration as to amount to a
nuisance
(vii) Any other matters deems to be a
nuisance under the Act
Maximum fine of
$10,000 for first
offence, and
$20,000 for
second and
subsequent
offence
34
Environmental Pollution Control Act
S/No. Nature of Offence Penalties
1. Section 15 (1), (2) and (3)
Discharge or cause or permit to be
discharged trade effluent, oil, chemical,
sewage or other polluting matters into
watercourses without a licence
Maximum fine of
$5,000
2.
Section 17
Discharge or cause or permit to be
discharged toxic substances into any
inland waters
Maximum fine of
$50,000 or
imprisonment
not exceeding
12 months or
both for first
offence; and
maximum fine of
$100,000 and
imprisonment
for not less than
one month and
not exceeding
12 months or
both for second
and subsequent
offence
Control of Vectors and Pesticides Act
S/No. Nature of Offence Penalties
1. Section 16
(i) Permit any condition(s) favourable
to the propagation or harbouring of
vectors
(ii) Fail to comply with the directions
given by the Director-General of
Public Health or any public health
officer to terminate or prevent
conditions favourable for
propagation or harbouring of
vectors from arising
Maximum fine
of $5,000 or
maximum
imprisonment
of 3 months for
first offence;
fine of $10,000
and/ or
imprisonment
of 6 months on
second and
subsequent
offence
35
Environmental Public Health (Public Cleansing) Regulations
S/No. Nature of Offence Penalties
1. Regulations 4
(i) Fail to provide sufficient
receptacles to contain trade refuse
(ii) Fail to provide covered receptacles
for trade refuse of shape, size and
design approved by the Director-
General
(iii) Deposit or cause or permit to be
deposited trade refuse, rubbish in
places other than in the
receptacles
(iv) Spillage of contents from
receptacles
Maximum fine of
$150 for first
offence, $500
for second
offence or
$1,000 for third
or subsequent
offence
Environmental Public Health (General Waste Collection) Regulations
S/No. Nature of Offence Penalties
1. Regulations 20
Engage an unlicensed waste collector to
collect, remove and dispose of refuse
Maximum fine of
$2,000 and
$100 for every
day during
which offence
continues
Environmental Pollution Control (Control of noise at construction
sites) Regulations 1999
S/No. Nature of Offence Penalties
1. Regulations 3
Exceed the maximum permissible noise
levels stipulated in the Regulations
Regulations 4
(i) Fail to set up equipment as directed
by the Director to measure and
record the noise level emitted
(ii) Fail to submit records of the noise
level readings including all relevant
facts which may influence the values
of the noise level readings
Maximum fine
of $10,000 for
first offence,
and $20,000
for second and
subsequent
offence
Appendix 7
FORMAT TO MONITOR DISPOSAL OF WASTE IN CONSTRUCTION SITE
Date : _______________
No. of
vehicle
trips
Types of
waste
disposed
*
Name of waste
contractor
Quantity
of waste
removed
(e.g. one
lorry load,
one bulk
bin, one
skip tank,
etc.)
Time
refuse
vehicle
leaves
site
Time
refuse
vehicle
returns
to site
#
Vehicle
registration
number
Disposal
receipt
verified
(Yes/
No)
Name of
waste
disposal
site**
1st trip
2nd trip
3rd trip
4th trip
5th trip
6th trip
7th trip
8th trip
9th trip
10th trip
* Types of waste
1. Marine clay/ excavated earth (A)
2. Construction waste/ debris (B)
3. General refuse/ organic waste (C)
** Waste disposal sites
1. Tuas Marine Transfer Station (A)
2. MPA Staging ground at Pasir Ris (B)
3. Kim Chuan Transfer Station (C)
4. Ulu Pandan Refuse Incineration Plant (D)
5. Senoko Incineration Plant (E)
6. Tuas Incineration Plant (F)
7. Tuas South Incineration Plant (G)
# Leave blank if not applicable
36
The Code of Practice is available for downloading at
http://app.nea.gov.sg/cms/htdocs/category_sub.asp?cid=47#q8
For clarifications on any aspect of the Code of Practice, please contact
Environmental Health Department
National Environment Agency
40 Scotts Road
21st storey Environment Building
Singapore 228231
Alternatively, you may contact us at (65) 1800-225 5632 or email us at
Contact_NEA@nea.gov.sg

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